Elon Musk: Biography, Achievements, Companies & Facts

Elon Musk, the visionary titan of the business world, commands unparalleled admiration for his unrivaled expertise in technological innovation and audacious entrepreneurship. With an unwavering dedication to manifesting grand aspirations, he embodies the epitome of indefatigable ambition, ceaselessly propelling industries towards new and transformative horizons. In the following narrative, we shall embark upon an exhilarating voyage that explores the extraordinary life of this extraordinary billionaire, delving into the deep recesses of his remarkable journey and unrivaled accomplishments. Brace yourself for an awe-inspiring tale of passion, perseverance, and boundless imagination!

Elon musk
BornJune 28th, 1971
in Pretoria,
South Africa
Citizenship South Africa (1971–present)
Canada (1989–present)
United States (2002–present)
Title1. CEO and product architect
of Tesla, Inc.

2. Founder, CEO, and chief
engineer of SpaceX

3. Founder of the Boring Company,
X Corp, and xAI

4. Owner and CTO of X

5. President of the Musk

6. Co-founder of Neuralink,
OpenAI, and Zip2
Net Worth$249 billion

Elon Musk’s Early Life and Childhood

Elon Reeve Musk was born on June 28th, 1971, in Pretoria, one of the capital cities of South Africa. His mother, Maye Musk, is a model and dietitian born in Saskatchewan, Canada, and raised in South Africa. Elon Musk’s father, Errol Musk, is a South African electromechanical engineer, pilot, sailor, consultant, and property developer, and a joint owner of a Zambian emerald mine near Lake Tanganyika. His father was also a representative of the Pretoria City Council.

His family was particularly wealthy during his youth but unfortunately, his parents divorced in 1980, in which Musk decided to live with his father.

He also has a half-brother Kimbal Musk and a half-sister Tosca Musk.

Education of Elon Musk

According to his mother, young Musk was characterized as a reserved and socially uninvolved student, lacking a wide circle of acquaintances during his time in school.

He attended Waterkloof House Preparatory School for his primary studies and then moved on to Bryanston High School and Pretoria Boys High School, from where he graduated high school.

Elon Musk wanted to migrate to the US, therefore he applied for a visa through his Canadian-born mother. While waiting for his visa, he attended the University of Pretoria for five months.

He arrived in Canada in June of 1989 and loved with his second cousin while working odd jobs to collect money for his tuition fees.

In 1990, he entered Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario. Two years later, he transferred to the University of Pennsylvania, where he completed his studies and received a Bachelor of Science in Economics and a Bachelor of Arts in physics. He reportedly hosted large, ticketed house parties and wrote a business plan for an electronic book-scanning service similar to Google Books, to help pay his tuition fees.

Elon Musk companies:


In 1995, along with his half-brother Kimbal and Greg Kouri founded Zip2 after receiving funding from Errol Musk of about $28,000.

The company had focused on the development of a comprehensive city guide, offering features such as maps, directions, and yellow pages, with the intention of marketing it to various newspapers. Gradually, Zip2 managed to secure contracts with reputable publications such as The New York Times and the Chicago Tribune. Ultimately, in February 1999, the company was acquired by Compaq for a substantial sum of $307 million in cash. Elon Musk, holding a 7% share, received a significant payout of $22 million as part of the transaction. Redefining the payment system

The success achieved with Zip2 served as the foundation for his subsequent significant venture,, a company providing online payment services. Notably, emerged as one of the pioneering federally insured internet-based banks, attracting an impressive influx of over 200,000 customers within its initial months of operation.

Even though Musk had founded the company, the investors regarded him as inexperienced and made Bill Harris by the end of that year.

In 2000, merged with online bank Confinity to avoid competition and became PayPal with Elon Musk returning as the CEO of the company.

In 2002, PayPal was acquired by eBay for a substantial sum of $1.5 billion in stock. Notably, Elon Musk emerged as the largest shareholder, possessing 11.72% of shares and receiving an impressive amount of $175.8 million in the transaction.

PayPal’s exponential growth marked a substantial milestone in Elon’s career.

SpaceX: Redefining Space Exploration

In the year 2001, Mr. Elon Musk had harbored a profound curiosity towards the enigmatic realm of space. It was during this time that he became actively engaged with a non-profit association called Mars Society, with a visionary aspiration of financing a cultivation facility for plants on the planet Mars. In the spirit of this ambition, he subsequently established SpaceX, a pioneering enterprise with the lofty objective of diminishing the expenses associated with space transportation, ultimately enabling the realization of a multi-planetary existence.

In 2002, he planned on opening his own company that could build affordable rockets. He spent $100 million of his own money on the company and founded SpaceX. He resided as the CEO and the Chief engineer of the company.

His ability to dream big and challenge established norms led to the development of Falcon 1 in 2006. However, the first attempt to launch Falcon 1 failed to reach the Earth’s orbit but still received a Commercial Orbital Transportation Services program contract from NASA Administrator, Mike Griffin.

After two more failed attempts and the company going almost bankrupt, they succeeded in launching Falcon 1 into the orbit two years later from its first launch.

SpaceX reached its pinnacle of success with the Falcon Heavy launch in 2018, which Elon’s personal Tesla Roadster, showcasing its capability to carry heavy payloads and paving the way for interplanetary travel.


In 2015, SpaceX began developing the Starlink constellation of low-Earth-orbit satellites to provide satellite Internet access. The first two prototypes were launched in February of 2018.

According to SpaceX, the estimated expenditure for this project amounts to approximately $10 billion.

Amidst the military incursion by Russia into Ukraine, Starlink terminals were strategically deployed within Ukraine to offer essential Internet connectivity and facilitate communication channels for the local populace.

Tesla: Revolutionizing Electric Vehicles, Tesla Motors was started by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning in July of 2003. Elon became one of the first investors and invested $6.5 million in the Series A round of investment. He became the majority shareholder and joined the board of directors as the chairman.

Following a succession of conflicts during the years 2007 and 2008, Martin Eberhard was removed from his position within the company, thus resulting in Elon assuming the role of CEO of Tesla as well as serving as the product architect.

Under his leadership, Tesla shifted the electric car industry from niche to mainstream, producing highperformance electric vehicles like the Model S, Model 3, Model X, and Model Y.

Tesla began delivery of an electric sports car, their first electric sports car, the Roadster, in 2008. With sales of about 2,500 vehicles, it was the first serial production all-electric car to use lithium-ion battery cells.

Their most famous car, The Model 3 all time bestselling plug-in electric car worldwide, and in June 2021 it became the first electric car to sell 1 million units globally.

Under the leadership of Elon Musk, their stocks have risen so significantly that they have become the most valuable carmaker in summer 2020.

In 2019, Elon became the longest-tenured CEO of any automatic manufacturer globally.

In 2021, Musk nominally changed his title to “Technoking” while retaining his position as CEO.

Solar City and Tesla Energy: Renewable Energy and Beyond

Elon Musk’s vision extended to addressing climate change and sustainable energy solutions. Musk was involved in SolarCity, a company specializing in solar energy services. He provided the initial concept and financial capital to the founders of his cousins Lyndon and Peter Rive in 2006.

By 2013, SolarCity had become the second-largest provider of solar power systems in the United States. In 2015, he introduced Tesla’s Powerwall, a home battery product aimed at storing solar energy for residential use. This was aligned with his broader goal of transitioning the world to renewable energy sources.

In 2016, SolarCity was acquired by Tesla for over $2 billion and merged it with Tesla’s battery unit to create Tesla Energy, a more integrated sustainable energy solution provider.

The deal however resulted in a more than 10% drop in Tesla’s stock price. At that time, SolarCity was facing liquidity issues. Shareholders filed a lawsuit against Musk and Tesla’s directors, claiming that the
purchase of SolarCity was done solely to benefit Musk and came at the expense of Tesla and its shareholders. Two years later, the court ruled in Musk’s favor.

Neuralink: Artificial intelligence and beyond

In 2016, Musk co-founded this company a neurotechnology startup company, with an extensive investment of $100 million. A company that was dedicated to developing brain-computer interface technology, with the aim of enhancing human cognition and addressing neurological disorders. Their main aim is to integrate the human brain with artificial intelligence (AI) by creating devices that are embedded in the brain to facilitate its merging with machines. Such technology could enhance memory or allow the devices to communicate with software. The company also hopes to develop devices to treat neurological conditions such as Alzheimer’s, dementia, amnesia, and spinal cord injuries

The boring company: Revolutionizing Urban transportation

Elon Musk founded The Boring Company in 2016 to revolutionize tunneling and urban transportation, proposing the concept of hyperloop transportation.

His plans for the Boring Company were to construct tunnels, in which specialized, underground, highoccupancy vehicles that could travel up to 150 miles per hour (240 km/h) and thus circumvent aboveground traffic in major cities. Early in 2017, the company began discussions with regulatory bodies and initiated construction of a 30-foot wide, 50-foot long, and 15-foot deep “test trench” on the premises of SpaceX’s offices, that required no permits. The Los Angeles tunnel, less than two miles in length,
debuted to journalists in 2018. It used Tesla Model Xs and was reported to be a rough ride while traveling at suboptimal speeds.

Two tunnel projects announced in 2018, in Chicago and West Los Angeles, have been canceled. However, a tunnel beneath the Las Vegas Convention Center was completed in early 2021. Local officials have approved further expansions of the tunnel system.

Twitter: Transforming the communications industry

Elon Musk expressed interest in buying Twitter in early 2017, even though he had previously questioned the platform’s commitment to freedom of speech. In early 2022, he started purchasing Twitter shares and a 9.2% of the stake by April of the same year making him the largest shareholder.

When this was publicly disclosed, Twitter shares experienced the largest intraday price surge. Due to Musk’s investment in Twitter, Tesla’s stock market value sank by over $100 billion the next day in reaction, causing him to lose around $30 billion of his net worth, which made it to the guneiss world record.

However soon Twitter was into Musk’s clutches and he acquired it of $54.20 per share. Immediately after the acquisition, he started firing several top Twitter executives including the CEO Parag Agrawal making himself the became CEO instead. He also laid off a significant portion of the company’s staff.

He instituted several changes like a $7.99 monthly subscription for a “blue check”. Under his management, Twitter experienced several large scale outages. Leading to him announcing that he would resign as the CEO “as soon as I find someone foolish enough to take the job”. On May 11, 2023, Musk announced that he would be stepping down from the CEO position and
announced the new CEO, former NBC Universal executive Linda Yaccarino.

Elon Musk’s leadership style

Elon Musk’s leadership style is often described as transformative and ambitious. He is known for his hands-on approach, emphasizing innovation and pushing boundaries.

He is often described as a micromanager and has called himself a nano-manager. The New York Times has described his method as absolutist. He has encouraged his employees to adopt the company’s jargon and launched ambitious, risky, and costly projects against his advisors’ recommendations. Musk sets high expectations for his teams, encourages risk-taking, and values open communication. His ability to envision and pursue audacious goals has been a defining aspect of his leadership style.

Some have praised his leadership style. While others have strongly criticized it saying, “showing a lack of human understanding.”

Criticisms and controversies faced by Elon Musk:

While Elon Musk’s achievements have received immense praise, they have also faced severe criticism, controversies, and challenges. Production delays, workplace conditions, and controversies surrounding his statements on social media have drawn scrutiny from critics.

  1. Employee Management Style: Elon Musk has been strongly criticized for his demanding and at times unorthodox management style. Reports of long working hours, intense pressure, and safety concerns at Tesla’s factories have led to concerns about employee well-being and dictatorship at the workplace. His affair with a former employee has also raised questions about
    his workplace ethics. Potential threats on privacy and security from Neuralink: Musk’s company Neuralink, aimed at developing brain-computer interfaces, has raised ethical questions about the potential risks and implications of such technology on privacy, security, and human autonomy.
  2. Twitter Usage: Musk’s tweets have often landed him in dangerous territories. His comments about the COVID-19 pandemic, including downplaying its severity and spreading misinformation, have drawn criticism. He blatantly stated that “coronavirus panic is dumb” and that its severity has been inflated by the authorities. He referred to COVID-19 as a “specific form of the common cold”.

    He condemned COVID-19 lockdowns and refused to close the Tesla Fremont Factory in March 2020 and threatened the employees that their employment would be in jeopardy if they didn’t show up at work. He once tweeted that he would donate $6 billion to end world hunger, and then didn’t do that
  3. Environmental Impact: Despite the electric nature of Tesla’s vehicles, the production of lithiumion batteries and other components has a severe environmental impact.
  4. Autopilot Safety of Tesla Vehicles: Tesla’s Autopilot system, while innovative, has been involved in many accidents that have raised concerns about the technology’s safety and whether Musk has adequately communicated its limitations to customers.

Elon Musk’s Achievements and Honours

Elon Musk has received tons of awards and numerous honours and praises for his contributions to the field of business and entrepreneurship. Here are some of the most honourable awards and titles showered upon him for his intensive contributions to his field of expertise:

  1. In 2007, he was awarded the Entrepreneur of the Year Award by Inc.magazine for his work on Tesla and SpaceX.
  2. In 2010, he was listed among the Time’s 100 people who most affected the world in 2010.
  3. In 2010, he was Recognized as a “Living Legend of Aviation” by the Kitty Hawk Foundation for creating the successor to the Space Shuttle, SpaceX.
  4. In 2014, he was listed under Forbes, as “America’s 20 Most Powerful CEOs 40 And Under.”
  5. In 2018, he was ranked 25th on the Forbes list of “The World’s Most Powerful People”.
  6. In 2021, he was ranked first on Forbes’ Billionaires List of 2021.
  7. In 2023, The Guinness World Records reported that Musk broke a world record for the largest loss of wealth at approximately $182 billion, as estimated by Forbes.
  8. In 2010, Musk was awarded the “FAI Gold Space Medal” for designing the first privately developed rocket to reach orbit by the Federation Aronautique Internationale.

Elon Musk’s net worth

As of 2023, his net worth is estimated to be $249 billion

Elon Musk’s Personal Life

Not only is Elon Musk famous for his business achievements, but he is also a well-known heartthrob. He has been married three times and has been involved in multiple affairs. Let’s take a closer look at his life.

His first wife was Justine Wilson, a famous Canadian author whom he married in 2000. They met while Musk was attending Queen’s University in Ontario. The couple have five sons together: Nevada, Griffin, Kai, Saxon, and Damian. First twins were born in 2004 and triplets in 2006, via surrogacy. They took this step to continue their family after their infant died at 10 weeks due to sudden infant death syndrome. The couple, however, did not break up on the best of terms but they do share custody of their children.

Talulah Riley, a British actress, and Elon Musk got married in 2010. They met at a bar called Whisky Mist in Mayfair, London. The couple however did not last long and got divorced in 2012. They reconciled and remarried in 2013. Unfortunately, their second marriage also ended in divorce in 2016, for which Riley filed.

Elon Musk subsequently formed a relationship with actress Amber Heard, with the actress officially acknowledging their connection on Instagram. Their acquaintance purportedly began after the actress was left waiting by her then-spouse Johnny Depp at the 2016 Met Gala.

In 2018, Elon Musk and Grimes, a Canadian musician showed up together at the annual Costume Institute Gala at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. They allegedly met over Twitter, bonding over a shared AI joke. Musk and Grimes however broke up in 2021. The couple had two kids together a girl and a boy.

In November 2021, Musk welcomed twins with Shivon Zilis, an executive at Neuralink, raising a question on workplace ethics.

Not much later, a bombshell was dropped by the Wall Street Journal stating that Musk was in a relationship with Nicole Shanahan, the wife of the co-founder of Google, Sergey Brin. However, they both denied the affair.

Famous quotes said by Elon Musk and their interpretations:

“When something is important enough, you do it even if the odds are not in your favor.”


This quote emphasizes the significance of determination and conviction in pursuing one’s goals. Musk encourages people to persevere and take action, even when the challenges seem daunting, as long as the cause is meaningful.

“I think it’s possible for ordinary people to choose to be extraordinary.”


Musk believes that anyone can transcend mediocrity and achieve greatness through their choices, actions, and dedication. The quote underscores the power of personal decisions and effort in becoming exceptional.

“Persistence is very important. You should not give up unless you are forced to give up.”


Musk values persistence as a key attribute for success. He suggests that giving up should only occur when all other options have been exhausted. This quote reinforces the idea that challenges and setbacks are a natural part of the journey, and tenacity is crucial in overcoming them.

“The first step is to establish that something is possible; then probability will occur.”


Elon Musk promotes the notion of embracing the plausibility of an idea before anticipating its materialization. He devalues the significance of establishing a foundation for innovation by questioning conventional wisdom and substantiating the notion that what appears unattainable can, in fact, be accomplished.

“Don’t confuse education with schooling. I didn’t go to Harvard, but people who work for me did.”


This quote challenges the traditional notion that formal education is the only pathway to success. Musk implies that real-world skills and experience often outweigh academic credentials, and a diverse team with varying backgrounds can contribute valuable perspectives.

“It’s OK to have your eggs in one basket as long as you control what happens to that basket.”


While the quote sounds risky, Musk’s point is that focused dedication and active management can mitigate risks associated with concentrating resources. He suggests that having a single major goal is acceptable if you take full responsibility for its success and actively protect it.

His quotes strongly reflect his thinking, fearless attitude, and dedication to pushing boundaries.

Lesser known facts about Elon Musk

1) Elon Musk’s first startup was just at the age of 12, he created a video game and sold it to PC and Office Technology magazine, for $500.

2) Musk dropped out of Stanford, just after two days to work on his first successful startup – Zip2.

3) While in college, Musk and his roommate, Andeo Ressi, converted their house into a nightclub, which helped them pay the rent.

4) He opened up a school for his children, inside the headquarters of SpaceX, called the Ad Astra. Musk’s children along with the children of some of the SpaceX employees attend this school.

5) He is not in a very good relationship with his father as he considers him “Evil” “He was such a terrible human being,” He told Rolling Stone in 2017. “My dad will have a carefully thought-out plan of evil. He will plan evil. You have no idea about how bad. Almost every crime you can possibly think of, he has done. Almost every evil thing you could possibly think of, he has done.” And rightfully so Errol Musk shot three people to death and had a baby with his stepdaughter.

6) Some of his children have quite funky names. For example, his and Grimes’ first child born in 2020 was named, X Æ A-XII.


In today’s date, Elon Musk’s impact on technology, transportation, energy, and space exploration cannot be understated. His companies have redefined industries, challenged norms, and accelerated the pace of innovation, to a whole new level. From an aspiring entrepreneur to his status as an icon, Elon Musk’s journey has reshaped industries, pushed boundaries, dared ambitions, and ignited imaginations worldwide. This biography presents his successes, challenges, and his role as a polarizing yet influential figure in technology and business.


1) Who is Elon Musk?

Elon Musk is an entrepreneur and business magnate known for his involvement in various technology
and space ventures

2) What companies has Elon Musk founded?

Musk is known for founding and leading companies like Tesla, SpaceX, Neuralink, and The Boring

3) What is Elon Musk’s educational background?

Musk attended the University of Pennsylvania and later transferred to the University of Pretoria and the Queen’s University. However, he left to pursue his entrepreneurial ventures before completing his degrees.

4)Has Elon Musk written a book?

While Musk has not authored a book, although he has been the subject of biographies and documentaries detailing his life and accomplishments.

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